ChickenA chicken is a type of domesticated bird which is Domestic Chicken usually raised as a type of poultry. It is believed to be descended from the wild Asian Red Scientific classification Junglefowl, Gallus gallus. Kingdom: Animalia Phylum: Chordata Class: Aves Order: Galliformes Family: Phasianidae Genus: Gallus Male chickens, known as cockerels(if younger than Species one year old) or roosters, are common symbols of masculinity, and their natural inclination to Gallus gallus fight has been exploited in staged cockfights, Gallus lafayetii sometimes with a metal spike added to or Gallus sonneratii replacing the natural spurs. Most countries have Gallus varius banned cockfighting. Reference: 176085 as of 2002-08-17 Chicken can be prepared as food in a number of ways. Common traditional European/North-American methods include roasting, baking, and frying. Their eggs are also eaten.