October 1October 1 is the 274th day of the year (275th in Leap years). There are 91 days remaining. Events: * 331 BC - Alexander the Great defeats Darius III of Persia in the Battle of Arbela * 959 - Edgar becomes king of all England * 965 - John XIII becomes santified as Pope * 1701 - Matthieu Garigue received by French Reformed Church of The Hague * 1788 - Nguyen Hue declares himself emperor of Viet Nam * 1791 - First session of the French National Assembly * 1795 - Belgium conquered by France * 1800 - Spain cedes Louisiana to France via Treaty of San Ildefonso * 1811 - First steamboat to sail the Mississippi arrives in New Orleans * 1869 - Austria issues the world's first postcards * 1880 - John Phillip Sousa becomes leader of the United States Marine Corps Band * 1880 - First electric lamp factory opened by Thomas Edison * 1885 - United States begins special delivery mail service. * 1887 - Baluchistan conquered by British Empire * 1890 - Yosemite National Park established by US Congress * 1898 - Czar Nicholas II expels Jews are expelled from major Russian cities * 1903 - Boston Americans played the Pittsburgh Pirates in the first game of the modern World Series. * 1908 - Ford introduces Model T car * 1918 - Arab forces under T. E. Lawrence capture Damascus * 1928 - Soviet Union introduces first five-year plan. * 1931 - George Washington Bridge links New Jersey and New York * 1936 - Francisco Franco named head of the Nationalist government of Spain * 1938 - Germany annexes Sudetenland * 1943 - Naples falls to Allied soldiers * 1946 - Nazi leaders sentenced at Nuremberg Trials * 1949 - The People's Republic of China is declared by Mao Zedong * 1949 - First rectangular television] tubes manufactured by Kimble Glass * 1957 - First appearance of "In God We Trust" on paper currency * 1958 - NASA created to replace NACA * 1959 - Acme Refrigeration incorporated by Adrian Kaiser * 1960 - Nigeria gains independence from Great Britain * 1961 - East and West Cameroon merge as Federal Republic of Cameroon * 1961 - Roger Maris sets new record for most home runs in a single season. * 1962 - Johnny Carson becomes host of NBC's Tonight Show * 1963 - California State Board of Education created. * 1964 - Free Speech Movement is launched on the campus of University of California, Berkeley. * 1964 - Japanese bullet train begins service from Tokyo to Osaka * 1965 - Suharto crushes attempted coup in Indonesia * 1968 - BGBS taken over by Guyana Government * 1969 - Concorde breaks the sound barrier for the first time * 1971 - Walt Disney World opens in Orlando, Florida * 1975 - Seychelles gain internal self-government * 1975 - Ellice Islands split from Gilbert Islands, take name Tuvalu * 1977 - Brazilian soccer star Pele retires * 1979 - United States returns sovereignty of the Panama canal to Panama * 1982 - Helmut Kohl replaces Helmut Schmidt as Chancellor of Germany through a Constructive Vote of No Confidence. * 1982 - Epcot Center opens at Walt Disney World * 1988 - Mikhail Gorbachev named head of the Supreme Soviet * 1998 - ICANN assumes responsibility for selling top-level domain names. Births: * 1207 - Henry III of England * 1865 - Paul Dukas, French composer * 1881 - William Boeing, engineer * 1885 - Louis Untermeyer, author (+ 1977) * 1876 - Huynh Thuc Khang, Vietnamese politician * 1903 - Vladimir Horowitz, pianist (+ 1989) * 1904 - Otto Robert Frisch, Austrian physicist * 1909 - Sam Yorty, former mayor of Los Angeles, California (+ 1998) * 1910 - Bonnie Parker, American outlaw (+ 1934) * 1920 - Walter Matthau, American actor (+ 2000) * 1921 - James Whitmore, actor * 1924 - Jimmy Carter, 39th president of the United States * 1924 - William H. Rehnquiest, Chief Justice of the United States * 1926 - Roger Williams, pianist * 1927 - Tom Bosley, actor * 1928 - George Peppard, American actor (+ 1994) * 1928 - Laurence Harvey, actor (+ 1973) * 1930 - Sir Richard Harris, actor * 1935 - Julie Andrews, British actress and singer * 1936 - Stella Stevens, actress * 1946 - Tom O'Brien, American author * 1949 - Isaac Bonewits, American author * 1950 - Randy Quaid, actor * 1954 - Martin Strel, Slovene ultra marathon swimmer * 1963 - Mark McGwire, American baseball player Deaths: * 1404 - Pope Boniface IX * 1684 - Pierre Corneille, French author * 1864 - Rose Greenhow, Confederate spy * 1901 - Abdur Rahman Khan, Afghan amir * 1929 - Antoine Bourdelle, sculptor * 1946 - Ernst Kaltenbrunner, Austrian SS officer * 1955 - Charles Christie, pioneer film studio owner in Hollywood * 1980 - George Meany, American trade union leader * 1985 - E.B. White, American author * 1992 - Petra Kelly, German Green politician Holidays and observances: * Nigeria - National Day * Tuvalu - Independence Day * People's Republic of China - National Day * In San Marino, two captain regents, elected by parliament, take office for six months.