1875Events * Wimbledon: Henry Cavendish Jones convinced the "All England Croquet Club" to replace a croquet court with a lawn tennis court. * January 12 - Kwang-su becomes emperor of China. * May 17 - Aristides wins the first Kentucky Derby * September 1 - A murder conviction effectively forces the violent Irish anti-owner coal miners, the "Molly Maguires", to disband. Births * January 14 - Albert Schweitzer, Alsatian physician, philosopher, and musician, winner of the Nobel Peace Prize 1952 (+ 1965) * January 22 - D. W. Griffith, director * February 11 - Sara Wennerberg-Reuter, composer * February 26 - Hans Bšckler, unionist and politician (+ 1951) * March 7 - Maurice Ravel, composer (+ 1937) * March 26 - Syngman Rhee, President of South Korea (+ 1965) * April 1 - Edgar Wallace, writer (+ 1932) * April 2 - Walter Chrysler, automobile pioneer (+ 1940) * April 4 - Pierre Monteux, conductor * April 5 - Mistinguett, French cabaret singer * April 8 - Albert I of Belgium * June 12 - Sam De Grasse, pioneer Hollywood actor (+ 1953) * June 24 - Diedrich Westermann, German linguist (+ 1956) * September 1 - Edgar Rice Burroughs, author * October 1 - Eugeen Van Mieghem, painter * October 12 - Aleister Crowley, British occultist (+ 1947) * October 23 - Gilbert N. Lewis, physical chemist * December 5 - Arthur Currie, Canadian military leader (+ 1933) * Dr Krishna Chandra Bhattacharya Deaths * January 23 - Charles Kingsley, English writer * February 22 - Sir Charles Lyell, British geologist. * May 17 - John C. Breckinridge, Vice President of the United States * June 3 - Georges Bizet, French composer * August 4 - Hans Christian Andersen, Writer.