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* The Paris Peace Conference
* XWA (now CFCF),in Montreal, Quebec is the first public radio station in
North America to go the air.
* January 1 - Edsel Ford succeeds his father as head of the Ford Motor
* January 11 - Romania annexes Transylvania.
* January 15 - The Boston Molasses Disaster kills 21 people
* January 15 - Ignace Paderewski becomes Premier of Poland
* January 16 - The 18th Amendment, authorizing Prohibition, goes into
effect in the United States
* January 18 - World War I: A peace conference opens in Versailles,
* January 18 - Bentley Motors is founded
* January 23 - Hans Haas, zoologist and underwater scientist
* January 23 - Ernie Kovacs, comedian (+ 1962)
* January 25 - The League of Nations is founded
* February 1 - The first Miss America is crowned (New York City).
* February 11 - Friedrich Ebert (SPD), is elected President of Germany.
* February 23 - Benito Mussolini forms the Fascist Party in Italy.
* February 25 - Oregon places a 1 cent per gallon tax on gasoline,
becoming the first U.S. state to levy a gasoline tax.
* February 26 - An act of the United States Congress establishes most of
the Grand Canyon as a United States National Park (see Grand Canyon
* March 2 - The first Communist International meets in Moscow
* March 15 - The American Legion forms in Paris
* March 23 - In Milan, Italy, Benito Mussolini founds his Fascist
* April 13 - At the Amritsar Massacre, British and Gurkha troops massacre
* May 4 - May Fourth Movement opposes foreign colonizers in China
* May 15 - Winnipeg launches general strike for better wages and working
* May 16 - US Navy Naval Curtiss aircraft NC-4 commanded by Albert
Cushing Read departs Trepassey, Newfoundland, for Lisbon via the Azores
on the first transatlantic flight
* May 17 - Committee of One Thousand forms to oppose Winnipeg General
* May 29 - Einstein's theory of General Relativity confirmed by Arthur
Eddington's observation of a total eclipse of the Sun
* June 14 - John Alcock and Arthur Brown depart St. John's, Newfoundland
on the first nonstop transatlantic flight
* July 6 - The British dirigible R-34 lands in New York, completing the
first crossing of the Atlantic by an airship.
* August 11 - In Germany, the Weimar Constitution is passed into law.
* August 19 - Afghanistan gains independence from the United Kingdom.
* October 1 - Elaine Race Riot breaks out in Arkansas
* October 2 - US President Woodrow Wilson suffers a massive stroke,
leaving him partially paralyzed.
* October 9 - Black Sox scandal: The Cincinnati Reds "win" the World
* October 28 - Prohibition begins: The United States Congress passes the
Volstead Act over President Woodrow Wilson's veto.
* November - at end of month health officials declare global Spanish Flu
* The land Islands vote for a return to Swedish rule in a referendum.
* Les Champs Magnetiques, the first automatic book, is written by Andre
Breton and Philippe Soupault.
* December 30 - Lincoln's Inn, in London admits its first women bar
Art, Culture & Fashion
* 1919 in film
o February 5 - Charlie Chaplin, Mary Pickford, Douglas Fairbanks and
D.W. Griffith launch United Artists
* 1919 in fashion
o Marcel Tolkowsky's Diamond Design is published.
* 1919 in sports
o The Black Sox scandal -- Seven members of the Chicago White Sox
take bribes to throw the World Series against the Cincinnati Reds
* January 1 - J. D. Salinger, novelist
* January 13 - Army Archerd, Hollywood journalist
* January 13 - Robert Stack, actor
* January 14 - Andy Rooney, television journalist
* January 25 - Edwin Newman, journalist, writer
* January 27 - Ross Bagdasarian, musician, actor (d. 1972)
* January 31 - Jackie Robinson, baseball player (d. 1972)
* February 5 - Andreas Papandreou, Greek politician (d. 1996)
* February 5 - Red Buttons, actor
* February 11 -Gretchen Fraser, slalom skier.
* February 11 - Eddie Robinson, football coach.
* February 12 - Forrest Tucker, actor (d. 1986)
* February 13 - Tennessee Ernie Ford, musician (d. 1991)
* March 2 - Jennifer Jones, actress
* March 11 - Mercer Ellington, musician, composer (+ 1996)
* March 15 - Lawrence Tierney, actor (d. 2002)
* March 17 - Nat King Cole, singer (d. 1965)
* March 24 - Lawrence Ferlinghetti, author and publisher
* March 30 - McGeorge Bundy, National Security Advisor (d. 1996)
* May 3 - Pete Seeger, singer and musician
* May 7 - Eva Peron, wife of Argentina's President Juan Peron (d. 1952)
* May 8 - Lex Barker, actor (d. 1973)
* May 16 - Liberace, pianist (d. 1987)
* May 16 - Gisela Uhlen, actress
* May 18 - Dame Margot Fonteyn, ballet dancer (+ 1991)
* May 20 - George Gobel, comedian (d. 1991)
* May 23 - Betty Garrett, actress, dancer
* June 5 - Richard Scarry, children's author
* July 7 - Jon Pertwee, actor
* July 20 - Edmund Hillary, mountaineer
* October 11 - Art Blakey, jazz drummer
* October 22 - Doris Lessing, British writer
* October 26 - Mohammad Reza Pahlavi, Shah of Iran
* November 10 - Mikhail Kalashnikov - inventor, designer of the Ak-47
* November 18 - Andre Borrel, WW II heroine executed by the Nazis
* January 6 - Theodore Roosevelt
* January 15 - Rosa Luxemburg and Karl Liebknecht
* February 17 - Wilfrid Laurier, seventh Prime Minister of Canada
* April 4 - Sir William Crookes, chemist and physicist
* May 6 - L. Frank Baum, writer
* August 9 - Ruggiero Leoncavallo, composer
* December 3 - Pierre-Auguste Renoir, a French painter.
* Physics - Johannes Stark
* Chemistry - not awarded
* Medicine - Jules Bordet
* Literature - Carl Friedrich Georg Spitteler
* Peace - Thomas Woodrow Wilson