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Bollywood is the name given to the Mumbai-based Hindi film industry in
India. It is considered to be the largest in the world in terms of number of
The films it produces are mostly in Hindi. They are generally lively,
energetic musicals. Bollywood films often have their own sense of internal
logic and can be as surreal as any musical produced by American or European
studios. The music is generally pre-recorded, with actors miming the words
(known as playback singing). Generally, professional playback singers
provide the voices but of late there's a trend of the actors singing for
themselves, like Aamir Khan in Ghulam. Bollywood films are often engaging
spectacles that tell timeless stories of love and turmoil.
During the period that Bollywood was not known outside of India and the
various Indian communities a lot of licences were probably used without
Currently due to increased visibility and increasingly large audiences some
Bollywood films can have fairly large budgets, allowing them to use famous
film sets such as Hatfield House and Blenheim Palace in the United Kingdom.
However, funding for Bollywood films remains hit-and-miss. There are no
large studios which fund films. Often funding comes from private
distributors. In 2001 the Central Bureau of Investigation, India's national
police agency, seized all prints of Chori Chori Chupke Chupke after the
movie was found to be funded by members of the Mumbai underworld.
Another problem facing Bollywood is piracy of its films. Often pirated DVDs
arrive before the print for the picture.
The term Bollywood was created by conflating Bombay (the city now called
Mumbai) and "Hollywood". Mumbai is a major centre for the production and
editing of Indian films.
Noted playback singers in Bollywood films:
* Kishore Kumar
* Lata Mangeshkar
* Asha Bhonsle
* Mohammed Rafi
* Hemant Kumar
* Kumar Sanu
* Udit Narayan
Well known actors and actresses
* Amitabh Bachchan
* Raj Kapoor
* Guru Dutt
* Kishore Kumar
* Rajesh Khanna
* Anil Kapoor
* Shabana Azmi
* Hema Malini
* Naseeruddin Shah
* Madhuri Dixit
* Aamir Khan
* Shahrukh Khan
* Salman Khan
* Ajay Devgan
* Karisma Kapoor
* Hrithik Roshan
* Vivek Oberoi
* Aishwariya Rai
* Rani Mukerjee
* Bipasha Basu
* Preity Zinta
Popular Recent Bollywood Films
* Devdas (2002): Based on a classic Bengali novel about a young man who
is torn between the woman he loves and a prostitute and is driven to
drink and despair.
* Laagan (2001): Indian villagers struggle to defeat a cruel British
District Officer and free themselves from land tax by organizing a
cricket team and taking on the British.
* Kabhi Kushi Kabhi Ghum (2001): Family drama starring Amitabh Bachchan
as the family patriarch who disowns his son (Shah Rukh Khan) for
marrying a girl (Kajol) from a poor neighborhood, and how his brother
(Hrithik Roshan) attempts to bring the family together again.
* Mohabbatein (2000)
* Taal (1999)
* Kuch Kuch Hota Hai (1997)
* Dil Chahta Hai (2001)
* Dilwale Dulhania Le Jayenge(1995)