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An electoral college is a set of electors representing different
organizations or entities, who are empowered to elect someone to a
particular post. Each organization or entity may be represented by a
particular number of number of electors, or the organization or entity's
votes may be weighted in a particular way.
The best known electoral college is the U.S. Electoral College, which elects
the United States President. The electors are chosen by the states. The
method of selecting electors is now by popular vote.
Similar systems are used or have been used in other presidential elections
around the world - for example the President of Finland was elected by an
electoral college between 1919 and 1987. The Holy Roman Emperor was also
elected by an electoral college in the late Middle Ages. It consisted of
Another type of electoral college is used by the British Labour Party to
choose its leader. The college consists of three equally weighted sections:
the votes of Labour MPs and MEPs; the votes of affiliated trade unions and
socialist societies; and the votes of individual members of Constituency