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Battle of Chapultepec
The Battle of Chapultepec took place in September of 1847 during the
Mexican-American War, at Chapultepec on the outskirts of Mexico City.
The United States Army began an artillery barrage against Chapultepec at
dawn on September 12. It was halted at dark and resumed at first light on
September 13. At 8 am the bombardment was halted and Winfield Scott ordered
Chapultepec charged. There was great loss of life on both sides in the
battle, and eventually Mexican General Nicol‡s Bravo was forced to withdraw
and the US forces succeding in taking the hill. By September 15 the U.S.
forces were in control of Mexico City.
During the battle a small group of young Mexican military cadets refused to
fall back when General Bravo finally ordered retreat, and fought to the
death against superior United States forces. They are eulogized in Mexican
history as the Ni–os Hˇroes, the "Boy Heroes" or Heroic Cadets.