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New Mexico is a state in the
southwestern United States and its
U.S. postal abbreviation is NM.
Nuevo MŽxico was the Spanish name
for the territory north and west
of the Rio Grande.
USS New Mexico was named in honor State nickname: Land of Enchantment
of this state.
Capital Santa Fe
Largest City Albuquerque
Area Ranked 5th
Ê- Total 315,194 km2
Ê- Land 314,590 km2
Ê- Water 607 km2
Ê- % water 0.2%
Population Ranked 36th
Ê- Total (2000) 1,819,046
History Ê- Density 6/km2
New Mexico is centered on the Rio Union 47th
Grande valley, the historical Ê- Order
center of Spanish settlement and Ê- Date January 6, 1912
conquest of the Pueblo people, Time zone Mountain: UTC-7/-6
Native American tribes who lived
in small towns along the Rio Latitude 31¡20'N to 37¡N
Grande and nearby as at Acoma. In Longitude 103¡W to 109¡W
1540, the Spanish conquistador Width 550 km
Coronado trekked through the area Length 595 km
known today as New Mexico in
search of the fabled seven cities Elevation Ê
of gold. Ê-Highest 4,011 meters
Ê-Mean 1735 meters
New Mexico was admitted to the Ê-Lowest 866 meters
Union as the 47th state on January ISO 3166-2: US-NM
Law and Government
The capital of New Mexico is Santa Fe and its governor is Bill Richardson.
Its two U.S. senators are Jeff Bingaman (Democrat) and Pete V. Domenici
(Republican).List of New Mexico Governors.
It has a southern border with Mexico, an eastern border with Texas (103¡)
and Oklahoma, and a western border with Arizona (109¡). The 37th parallel
forms the northern boundary with Colorado. The spot where New Mexico,
Colorado, Arizona, and Utah come together is called the Four Corners. The
landscape ranges from rose-colored deserts to snow-capped mountains.
New Mexico's 1999 total gross state product was $51 billion, placing it 38th
in the nation. Its 2000 Per Capita Personal Income was $22,203, 48th in the
nation. The state's agricultral outputs are cattle, dairy products, hay,
nursery stock, and chilies. Its industrial outputs are electric equipment,
petroleum and coal products, food processing, printing and publishing,
stone, glass, and clay products, and tourism.
As of the 2000 census, the population of New Mexico is 1,819,046. Its
population grew 20.1% (303,977) from its 1990 levels. According to the 2000
census, 66.8% (1,214,253) identified themselves as White, 42.1% (765,386) as
Hispanic or Latino, 9.5% (173,483) as American Indian or Alaska Native, 1.9%
(34,343) as black, 1.1% (19,255) as Asian, 0.1% (1,503) as Native Hawaiian
or Pacific Islander 17% (309,882) as other, and 3.6% (66,327) identified
themselves as belonging to two or more races.
7.2% of its population were reported as under 5, 28% under 18, and 11.7%
were 65 or older. Females made up approximately 50.8% of the population.
Important Cities and Towns
The largest city in New Mexico is Albuquerque. Its major cities and towns
* Taos * Las Cruces
* Santa Fe
Colleges and Universities
* College of Santa Fe * New Mexico State University
* College of the Southwest * St. John's College Santa Fe
* Eastern New Mexico University * University of New Mexico
* New Mexico Institute of Mining and * Western New Mexico
* New Mexico Highlands University